Africa is the second largest continent in the world, by area as well as population. It covers an approximate sq km of 30,221,532, while the tabulated population is 1,216,130,000. It is mainly isolated with only a small land bridge connecting it to Western Asia. The total number of countries in Africa are 54. It earned the name of ‘dark continent’ when the continent’s terrain was inhabitable and remained undiscovered for many years.
Interestingly, the world’s largest desert and longest river are in Africa, namely, Sahara and Nile, respectively. The hottest place in the world is called Ethiopia, which is too, located in Africa. This is because the equator passes through the middle of it and thus, the place is subjected to direct sunlight throughout the year.
According to many researchers, Africa is the place where homo sapiens originated and then migrated to different parts of the world. More than 95% of the world’s diamonds come from the continent of Africa, along with more than 50% of world’s gold, as this continent is rich in minerals. Also, the world obtains about 60% of the chocolate from Africa. Most major animals are found in Africa too, like cheetah, lion, giraffe, zebra.